Jul 25, 2016 @ 17:26 |
Creator of iCub humanoid, the Italian Institute of Technology (IIT) has developed a new humanoid robot, R1 for use in home and office environments. R1 “Your Personal Humanoid” has Italian design, 50% plastic, high-1.25m, weight 50kg, will cost initially as a small car, and in the future, as a product on the market, a few thousand euro.
The Italian Institute of Technology (IIT) has developed a new humanoid robot, R1 for use in home and office environments. R1 has wheels rather than legs unlike other humanoids. R1 has been developed by a team of 22 IIT scientists led by Giorgio Metta and by a team of designers and entertainment experts from Milan and Barcelona.
Italian design, variable height of 20 cm starting from 1 meter and 25 cm, weight of 50 kg, 50% plastic and 50% carbon fiber and metal, is designed to operate in domestic and professional environments. IIT, with the involvement of private investors, will implement in the next 12-18 months, the model of production and large-scale commercialization.
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R1 – “Your Personal Humanoid” has been made, starting from the experience gained by IIT of iCub, the humanoid robot for more widespread research in the world. R1 is humanoid and also has elements of uniqueness:
- It is designed by studying human responses during interaction with him. It is a work in collaboration with designers, creative and neuroscientists to understand what aspects of the form and movement of the robot make it seem more “human”;
- its Artificial Intelligence (AI) is designed and developed directly sull’umanoide. Most AI studies are conducted regardless of the existence of a robotic body, while on the contrary, the latest studies on neuroscience say that intelligence is developed in a functional manner to the body that hosts it;
- It has a new conception of the body, in which are currently used for the 50% of the plastics structure. Future versions will incorporate intelligent materials, such as those based on graphene, or biodegradable, increasingly sophisticated sensors, more efficient batteries and circuits incorporated in the very structure of the robot.
R1 has been built in only 16 months thanks to the collaboration of a team of 22 scientists and technicians led by IIT Giorgio Metta, some industrial designers of the Genoese, and a group of industrial and graphic designers, illustrators, and entertainment experts from two different creative realities: one in Milan who coordinated the development of the creative concept, the identification of interaction scenarios and coordinated market by Andrea Pagnin and Luigi Focanti to 14.6 Creative Licensing , and the other of Barcelona coordinated by Pierpaolo Congiu to Drop Innovation, who has collaborated with the Milanese reality for the realization of the design of humanoid surfaces.
Height of R1 is variable, its body extends from 125 to 140cm thanks to an extensible bust. Similarly, his arms can be extended to 13cm forward, to reach distant objects. The torso, as well as move up and down, can also twist sideways. The movement in the autonomy is guaranteed by a battery for about 3 hours; when downloading, simply plug into your home electrical outlet using a power supply, just like any household appliance. R1 is able to move in the environments thanks to wheels with which reaches a speed of 2 km / h, the value that designers have determined as a safety limit.
The face consists of a color LED screen, whose stylized faces give the robot expressions useful to non-verbal communication with the man. Patented by IIT, the screen is designed to be low cost, and houses the sensors for vision: 2 and 1 stereo 3D scanners cameras; those for the balance: 1 1 accelerometer and gyroscope; and those for the generation and perception of sound: speaker 1 and microphone. In the belly accommodated, in addition, the computer 3 which govern the ability of the robot, from the calculation to the movement of the head and control of the sensors. A wireless card allows the robot to connect to the Internet, obtaining useful information to its interaction with the man or upgrades of its software. The software, in fact, parts of Open Source in order to benefit from the cooperation of the community which already operates around the humanoid robotics IIT.
Hands and forearms of the robot are covered with an artificial skin, or a sensor that gives the robot a sense of touch, enabling you to “feel” the interaction with the objects they manipulate. The design of the hands of the robot is simplified compared to that of the iCub robot, to ensure robustness and low costs while allowing the execution of simple domestic operations. They have the form of two gloves special knob (muffle), with a spherical wrist, thanks to which the robot can lift weights up to 1.5kg and completely close the outlet around cylindrical objects like bottles and cups.
To respond to safety standards, all of R1 motors and couplings have a kind of “friction” that controls the movement of the robot, attenuandolo, during impacts. The totals are engines 28: 2 for the head and neck, 4 for the torso, 8 for each arm, 2 for each hand, 1 for each of the 2 wheels.
R1 walking around the Italian Institute of Technology
The team that originated R1 “Your Personal Humanoid” is young, with an average age of 37 years . The IIT scientists are 22 people, divided between mechanical, electronic and software engineers, coordinated by Giorgio Metta. The creative team includes about 12 people from 5 different nationalities coordinated by Andrea Genovese Pagnin, of 6.14 Creative Licensing.
Coordinator and creator: Giorgio Metta, 46
Mechanical: Alberto Parmiggiani, 34 years (team leader); Luca Fiorio, 32 years; Anand Vazhapilli Sureshbabu, 28 years; Lorenzo Orciari, 34 years; Philip Biggi, 43; Andrea Della Patria, 43 years; Jennifer Chang, 22 years.
Electronic: Marco Maggiali, 36 years (team leader); Simeon Dussoni, 39 years; Andrea Mura, 40; Giorgio Zini, 57; Claudio Lorini, 47; Francesco Diotalevi, 46 years.
Software: Lorenzo Christmas 41 years (team leader), Alessandro Scalzo 46 years; Ugo Pattacini 39 years; Marco Randazzo 35, Daniel Domenichelli, 37; Alberto Goldfinch, 34 years; David Pollarolo, 27 years; Matthew Brunettini 41 years.
Strategic and Creative Concept: Andrea Pagnin, 44 (team leader) and Luigi Focanti, 44 (Creative Director)
Concept and development of industrial design: Pierpaolo Congiu 40, (Industrial Design Director)
- Keywords: Humanoid, IIT, Autonomy, open source, iCub, Artificial skin, Artificial intelligence
- Source: IIT